The 20th century brought childbirth from the home to the hospital, where hi-tech devices and procedures - such as the fetal heart rate monitor, cesarean sections (C-sections) and epidurals - became commonplace. By the late 1970s in the US, home birth rates fell to around 1%.
C-sections are deemed medically necessary when circumstances make a vaginal birth risky for the mother or baby. For example, physicians or midwives may recommend one when the fetus is in the breech position - when the baby's buttocks or feet are facing the pelvis rather than the head - or when the placenta is covering the cervix - called placenta previa.
RISK-For the mother, these may include infection, clots, hemorrhage, a longer recovery period, and although rare, an increased risk of uterine rupture in subsequent deliveries. For cesarean section babies, respiratory problems requiring treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit are more common.
Spinal and epidural anesthesia are medicines that numb parts of the body in order to block pain. Administered through a catheter placed in the back or shots in or around the spine, these medicines allow the woman to stay awake during labor.
RISK-Though these medicines are considered generally safe, they do carry certain risks and complications, such as allergic reactions, bleeding around the spinal column, drop in blood pressure, spinal infections, nerve damage, seizures and severe headache.
NATURAL AND ALTERNATIVE BIRTHING METHODS :-I would strongly encourage women who were currently developing their birth plans to consider the addition of hypnosis as a means of preparing for the labor delivery process, thus increasing the likelihood of a comfortable and healthy birthing process.
ALL THE BEST.